Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA)
FMEA Analysis is an acronym for Failure Mode and Effect Analysis, which is a structured analsyis of a plant or productive process regarding the potential for its components, steps and/or tasks of failing, the risk of this happening and its consequences.FMEA analysis is both a problem solving tool and a contributing way of risk control and measure in a continuos improvement organisation.
The FMEA analsysis is a preventive approach, meaning that the users, process engineers or analysts are thinking ahead about the potential failures and problems of a process or plant and will most likely implement actions to prevent these or reduce their severity. Also refer to potential risk analysis for more on preventive thinking.
FMEA analysis usually has a general FMEA template and approach tailored to the process or plant being analysed.
Use and application of an FMEA Analysis
The study can prove usefull in any part of the production plant, office, value stream, supply chain or capital expenditure request process. It is sometimes also used in:
-The design phase of new plants and equipment
-The design and layout of plant and operating facilities
-Design of the provision of services (Example: managing customer complaints or insurance claims)
-The risk of plant and equipment failing
-Whole production plant operating and business risk including value stream analysis and mapping
The use of FMEA analysis is quite extensive even in operations and lean manufacturing consulting and can provide large benefits to any organisation, department and management team when performed with patience and the right team.
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